**Vacuum constants** are physical constants associated with the
fields existing in the free space under high vacuum. The values of these
constants can be determined from the analysis of the interaction of fields with
matter. Vacuum constants come in a variety of physical equations as necessary
coefficients. Because of this, great importance is the refinement of these
constants in special experiments.

- 1 Basic constants
- 2 Derivative constants
- 3 The modernized Le Sage’s theory
- 4 References
- 5 External links

Speed of light: ^{[1]} m/s, as exact value. It has become a
defined constant in the SI system of units.

Vacuum permittivity: ^{[2]} F/m.

Speed of gravity . It is supposed that equals to the speed of light.

Vacuum permeability: H/m in the SI system of units.

Electromagnetic impedance of free
space:

Since and have exact values the same is for impedance of free space:

Gravitoelectric gravitational constant:

Gravitomagnetic gravitational
constant: ,
if .

Gravitational characteristic
impedance of free space:

If then gravitational characteristic impedance
of free space equals to: ^{[3]} ^{[4]}

Constants , , and belong to selfconsistent electromagnetic constants, and constants , , and belong to selfconsistent gravitational
constants.

Vacuum constants are used for
creation of natural units such as Stoney units and Planck units. For example,
Stoney mass is connected with elementary charge :

The Planck mass is connected with
Dirac constant :

The Stoney length and the Stoney
energy, collectively called the Stoney scale, are not far from the Planck
length and the Planck energy, the Planck scale.

**The
modernized Le Sage’s theory**

The vacuum constants in the modernized Le Sage’s theory can be expressed in terms of the parameters of the vacuum field and matter.
It is assumed that the vacuum field consists of two components. The first
component in the form of the graviton field is responsible for the emergence of
gravitation, mass and inertia of bodies, and the second component in the form
of the field of charged particles leads to electromagnetic interaction. ^{[5]}

For cubic distribution of
graviton fluxes in space the gravitational constant is given by the formula: ^{[6]}

Where J/m^{3} is the energy density of the graviton
field, m^{2} is the
cross-section of interaction between gravitons and the nucleon matter, is the nucleon mass.

Similarly, for the vacuum
permittivity we obtain: ^{[7]}

Where J/m^{3} is the energy density of the field of
charged particles, m^{2} is the
cross-section of interaction between the charged particles of the vacuum and
the nucleon matter, close to the proton cross-section, is the elementary charge.

Estimation of the concentration
of charged particles as the concentration of relativistically moving praons
gives the value m^{–3}.

The strong
gravitational constant is
also related to the vacuum field:

m^{3}•s^{–2}•kg^{–1}.

In the modernized Le Sage’s model
it is assumed that gravitons for the ordinary gravitation are the particles of
the praon level of matter, located two levels below the level of stars, which
acquired their energy in the relativistic processes near nucleons. The strong
gravitation is acting at the
level of nucleons, and reasoning by analogy, gravitons for the strong
gravitation should be the particles of the graon level of matter, which
acquired their energy in the processes near praons. Gravitons can be both
neutral particles, such as neutrinos and photons, and relativistic charged
particles, similar in their properties to cosmic rays. The effective mass of
all these particles is their relativistic mass-energy with regard to the large
Lorentz factor. In particular, gravitons of the ordinary gravitation can be praons, accelerated by the strong
fields near nucleons almost to the speed of light.

- CODATA
value: Speed of Light in Vacuum. The NIST reference on Constants,
Units, and Uncertainty. NIST.
- Latest (2010) values of the constants [1]
- J.
D. Kraus, IEEE Antennas and Propagation. Magazine 33, 21 (1991).
- Raymond Y. Chiao.
"New directions for gravitational wave physics via “Millikan oil
drops”, arXiv:gr-qc/0610146v16 (2007).PDF
- Fedosin S.G. The Force Vacuum Field as an
Alternative to the Ether and Quantum Vacuum. WSEAS Transactions
on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, ISSN / E-ISSN: 1991-8747 /
2224-3429, Volume 10, 2015, Art. #3, pp. 31-38.
- Fedosin S.G. The
graviton field as the source of mass and gravitational force in the
modernized Le Sage’s model. Physical Science International
Journal, ISSN: 2348-0130, Vol. 8, Issue 4, P. 1-18 (2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/PSIJ/2015/22197.
- Fedosin
S.G. The charged component of the vacuum
field as the source of electric force in the modernized Le Sage’s model.
Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, P. 971-1020 (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v8i3.18.

Source: http://sergf.ru/vcen.htm